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OER Summer 2021 Workshop: Summer 2021 - Why OER? An Introduction to Open Educational Resources

Why OER?

alt=""May 19, 21, and 26, 2021

Leeward Community College
Workshop Facilitators
Junie Hayashi
OER Librarian  (
Wayde Oshiro
Interim Learning Commons & Library Coordinator (
Jason Yamashita 
OER Librarian (

Workshop Details and At-Home Assignments

Welcome! In this facilitated online training, participants will learn about the benefits of Open Educational Resources (OERs) as replacements for commercial textbooks and other course materials. OERs have special licenses attached that allow them to be revised, remixed, reused, retained, and redistributed, offering flexibility to instructors to customize materials for their courses. The ability to localize OERs offers a unique opportunity to increase student engagement with course content. By the end of the workshop, participants will gain the knowledge and understanding of this global educational movement.

Daily Schedule (10:00 - 11:30 am)

  • Wednesday, 5/19 - Intro to OER, Copyright Basics, CC Licenses
  • Friday, 5/21 - Finding and Evaluating OER; Combining CC Licenses
  • Wednesday, 5/26 - Creating CC Licenses, Attribution, and Action Plan Proposal

Note: Zoom meeting details will be sent to participants via email.


At-home readings, videos, discussion posts, and other activities will be assigned and are to be completed before each session. The synchronous sessions will consist of brief presentations, guided discussions, and small group activities. 

Attendance at the synchronous sessions is required. Sessions will not be recorded.

A final deliverable in the form of an action plan proposal will be due by June 4, 2021. 

Workshop Objectives

  1. Define open education, including its core benefits, challenges, and potential

  2. Define open educational resources (OER) and explain the functions of the 5Rs

  3. Understand copyright and fair use

  4. Distinguish between openly licensed, public domain, and copyrighted materials

  5. Define Textbook Cost $0 (TXT0) and understand when and how to add this designation to a class

  6. Know where to find OER repositories and understand the differences between them

  7. Find and evaluate relevant OERs using a set of criteria 

  8. Understand the difference between adaptation and remixing of Creative Commons (CC) licensed works

  9. Create a proper attribution when reusing CC-licensed works

  10. Add a CC license to an original, adapted, or remixed work

  11. Identify open and no-cost copyrighted resources to use in teaching



Activity 1 - Post an Introduction

We will start with an ice-breaker in Slack. The ice-breaker intends to foster sharing and openness, hoping that this will lead to interacting and bonding with your fellow participants. This is an important part of the overall workshop experience because we will be learning with and from each other. 

1. Join our Slack Workspace

You should have received an email from Junie Hayashi inviting you to join the Why OER? workspace on Slack. Please be sure you accept the invitation to Join Now. Once you select Join Now, you will be on the Slack platform.
  • Enter your Full name, Display name, and create a password.
Once you are in the Why OER? workspace, please personalize your profile (upload a profile photo, add any pertinent information you would like to share).

2. Introduction Posting

Go to Channels and select #1-introduction. Start your introductory post. To add text and a photo, type your introduction in the message box and select the paperclip to add your photo. 

By selecting "Return" or "Enter," you will be uploading your post. If you wish to edit your post, please mouse over your post until you see an icon menu.

 Slack post menu

Select the last icon circled in red, and select "Edit message" to edit your post.

Helpful tip: To start a new line or paragraph in your post, press Shift and Enter.
Please include the following in your post:
  1. Post a meaningful photograph of yourself. It can be a favorite vacation photo or a family photo. Next, write a little about yourself. You can share why the photo is meaningful.
  2. Share what you currently know about Open Educational Resources. If you know nothing about OER, that's fine. Share that. We are starting right where you are.
  3. Share what your motivation is for taking this workshop.

Readings and Videos (complete by Wednesday, 5/19/21)

Textbook Affordability: It's a Problem

Read Fixing the Broken Textbook Market

"Textbooks are too expensive, and have been for a very long time. Little competition in the college publishing industry- and therefore little consumer choice – has contributed to the cost of course materials increasing at three times the rate of inflation since the 1970s. While the curve has plateaued the past couple of years, there has been little change in student experience. Students have continued to skip buying assigned course materials due to cost at similar rates." Continue reading

Why Open? 

Watch Password: OER and OA & OER videos


OA & OER by Junie Hayashi is CC BY 4.0

While Open Educational Resources have been around for over ten years, awareness of their existence and importance has started to surface more and more as a topic of discussion in the education community. But what exactly is OER?

What is OER?

The Hewlett Foundation defines it as

Open Educational Resources (OERs) are teaching, learning, and research resources released under an open license that permits their free use and repurposing by others. OERs can be textbooks, full courses, lesson plans, videos, tests, software, or any other tool, material, or technique that supports access to knowledge.

UNESCO defines it this way

Open Educational Resources (OERs) are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license. The nature of these open materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt, and re-share them.

What do these definitions have in common?

As you will soon learn, the key characteristic of OERs is openness. "Open" means a lot of things depending on the context in which the term is used. For this workshop, the "Open" in Open Educational Resources refers to the set of permissions attached to content by the author or creator that gives others the right to use it without seeking permission to do so. The concept of sharing is at the core of OER, and an understanding of the system developed for sharing is one of the main objectives of this workshop.

"Open education is really about intent. The philosophy of openness is about sharing. It's about collaboration. It's about transparency and accountability." - Jhangiani

What is Open Pedagogy and Open Educational Practice?

One of the dynamic advocates of OER and student-centered pedagogies is Dr. Rajiv Jhangiani, Associate Vice President for Teaching and Learning at Kwantlen Polytechnic University in British Columbia. Rajiv is the co-editor of the open access book Open: The Philosophy and Practices that are Revolutionizing Education and Science.

Watch Enhancing Pedagogy via Open Educational Practices

"Interview with Rajiv Jhangiani on 'Enhancing Pedagogy via Open Educational Practices' "  is by the McPherson Institute.

OER and the Pandemic

Read the following 2 articles:

After reading this article by Rajiv Jhangiani that was written at the beginning of the pandemic, reflect upon your experiences of the last year.
As COVID-19 forced professors to embrace digital texts, they were likelier to know about -- but not to use -- free, openly licensed materials. Progress was greatest at colleges that promoted OER, especially minority-serving ones transition to OER, adoptions of those materials remained static.

Listen to the following podcast:

The  Pandemic's Impact on Open Educational Resources (OER), listen between time: 02:36 - 13:30 
The use of free, openly licensed textbooks and other curricular materials have been on the rise amid growing concerns about college affordability. But uptake stalled last year as professors and students struggled with the transition to digital learning and the tumult of their lives, a new annual report on usage of OER finds.

Activity 2 - Post a Response

Select one of the questions below and post your response to the Slack go-open-go-free #2-reading-response channel 

  • Question 1 - Rajiv Jhangiani states, "Open education is really about intent. The philosophy of openness is about sharing. It's about collaboration. It's about transparency and accountability." What is your response to his statement?
  • Question 2 - Given the college affordability crisis and the recent changes to higher education due to the COVID-19 pandemic, please reflect on how this concept of openness and sharing might impact the way you teach moving forward?

Checklist - Due by Wednesday 5/19/21

  • Activity 1 - Post your introduction on Slack to Why OER? #1-introduction channel
  • Activity 2 - Post your response to the Slack Why OER? #2-reading-response channel 

Additional Reading (optional)

Session 1 Slides (5/19/21)



Watch these videos to review copyright and CC licenses.

Copyright Basics by Junie Hayashi is CC BY 4.0

Come in, We're Open by Junie Hayashi is CC BY 4.0

Creative Commons Licenses by Junie Hayashi is CC BY 4.0

Activity 1

Padlet: Sorting Resources By Usage Rights

Activity instructions:

  • Apply what you've learned about copyright and CC licenses.
  • The Padlet contains 7 resources. Explore and assess each resource by clicking on the image or URL provided.
  • Determine the usage rights of each resource: Does it have an all rights reserved COPYRIGHT, an OPEN LICENSE, or is it in the PUBLIC DOMAIN?
  • Use this Google Form to record your answers. You may answer using "Other" to provide a comment instead, for example: "I'm perplexed...This one was really tricky!"

We will reveal the usage rights at session 2.

Activity 2

Question: What does good stewardship of OER mean to you?

Post your response to the Slack Why OER? #3-reading-response channel.

Session 2 Slides (5/21/21)



Watch this video to review combining licenses.

Creating OER and Combining Licenses by TheOGRepository is CC BY-SA 3.0


Combining Licenses Scenarios

After watching the video above, try scenario questions 1-5. We will review these in session 3.

Note: You may refer to session 2 presentation slides 10-13 for scenarios 1 and 2.

Suggested Readings

To learn more about Open Pedagogy and open pedagogical practices, read the two blog posts by David Wiley, the founder of the OER movement, in which he defines Open Pedagogy and promotes renewable assessments (assignments) over disposable versions. Additional book chapters and articles are also provided.

What is Open Pedagogy by David Wiley

Toward Renewable Assessments by David Wiley

Open Pedagogy (from The OER Starter Kit) by Abbey Elder

How do faculty benefit from renewable assignments? by George Veletsianos

Workshop Deliverable (Due by Friday, June 4)

Make a copy of the Action Plan Template ( to use for your final deliverable.

For session 3 on Wednesday, 5/26, work on the Action Plan sections #1-3.

Consider the following selected OER repositories and collections to begin your search:

List of additional collections and repositories 

English language version of Open Educational Resources global logo by Jonathasmello is CC BY 3.0

Session 3 Slides (5/26/21)


Activity - A Final Reflection

Post to the Slack Why OER? #-4-final-reflection channel your reflection on the following:

What? So What? Now What?


  • What happened? What did you learn? What did you expect and what was different?

So What?

  • Why does that matter? To you? To your students? To the college? To society as a whole? Describe your experience learning about OER and its potential to impact teaching and learning.

Now What?

  • What next? What will you do differently? What have you learned? How will you participate in the OER movement?

Deliverable: Action Plan (Due by Friday, June 4)

Action Plan Template (

Please submit your Action Plan by sharing your Google Doc with the facilitators:

  • Junie Hayashi -
  • Wayde Oshiro -
  • Jason Yamashita -

Please provide "Commenter" access if you would like feedback.

Why OER? Survey

Please take a few minutes to complete our survey. Your feedback is important to us!


UHCC Information

Do you have any more questions? Please feel free to contact us and your OER campus lead.OER graphic



Leeward Open Educational Resources Guide: Guides, Repositories, & Collections

Workshop Website:






TXT0 Graphic by Leeward Library is CC BY 4.0


Unless otherwise noted, the content in this guide is licensed under CC BY 4.0